There were over 300 mattress and bed spring makers by the time of the American Civil War. Each city had local crafstmen who made cobinet furniture, upholstery, draperies and other home furnishings. These tradesmen purchsed components from supply houses that were in the Northeast USA and shipped via canal boats, railroads, and wagons.
Afther the 1870, some mattress companies began to shop finished mattress products throughout the USA. Local furniture retailers showed products and special orders were placed for the consumer. the railroad facilitated easy distribution.
Here is a mattress filling machine that pumped cotton batting into a presewn mattress cover assembly. After the cotton was filled, the end was sewn shut and button tufts were added. This gave the mattress satbility.
Here is a giant garnett facility that handles the cotton linters and pickers. The blended products was layered into a fine material that made for the most popular and premium mattress filling.
Here is a two man operation that shows filling the ticking and then sewing it closed. American mattress makers were surveyed annually and their size was lsited based on teh number of sewing machines they had in their factory.
Here is a binding tape operator who is using a stationary sewing machine.
A cotton filling machine blows filling material into a mattress casing.